Hi Padraic, thanks for your post and certainly we agree that good negotiation skills are needed now more than ever. I am not sure whether you have had the chance to look at our Managing Contracts Virtually program and the webinars that we have produced on Virtual Negotiations. Links are here for your reference. Many thanks! Sally
I worked in several Russian companies as Contracts Manager and in related roles at both domestic and international projects. What I can tell you exactly is that there is no such thing as specific Russian Commercial Management, there are may be some cultural differences between Russian and Western Europe management style, but methodological basis is based on the same principals and sources.
If you have any specific questions, I'll try to share with you my thoughts and observations based on my past experience.
• University of Grenoble
Thanks for your answer, this confirms what I had originally thought!
Is there any reason why there isn't any Russian Commercial Management? Is it linked to hierarchy in the business structure?
Also, would it be worth adapting it to Russia? Or is Russian "Contract Management" more of a legal job better suited to lawyers?
Hi - at my workplace we are mainly dealing with FX related claims that are being submitted as force majeure. In these cases, they are (b) - in that did the party have an opportunity prior to the FM event occurring to reasonably speaking, manage and treat the risk.
! disclaimer - I don't know anything about Australian law !
but I don't see how option a) can be reasonable.
Risks can appear as time goes by due to changing circumstances and something that is not reasonably foreseeable at one point in time could well be later on.
My apologies for the delayed reply to your question.
In general, the clause is referring to an issue that you could reasonably have anticipated and therefore could have prepared for it in some way. That means not only before inception of the contract, but also during its performance.
Even in a case where Force Majeure applies, there is a duty to take reasonable measures to mitigate its effects.
In the case of the pandemic, there are many debates over whether and in what circumstances it represents a Force Majeure event. However, even when disallowed, there may be grounds for claiming frustration of contract or impossibility of performance due to related events.
Hi Cate - look, I'll rise to the challenge of the discussion here. Here's the link to this on the IACCM website, and it's also on the commitment matters blog. www.iaccm.com/resources/
In defence of the Western world, I'll say two things :
1. I think that the relationships of many organisations and their teams are certainly being put to the test right now. Personally, I'm seeing a lot of good outcomes in these challenging times across a number of organisations, especially in the emergency sector which I think is an indication that the relationships, albeit perhaps not as deep as those in Asian culture are seeing good outcomes.
2. I'd turn this question around and, perhaps take the heat off the negotiators, ask if it's the organisations who are stupid, or perhaps better put naive. Again, I see a lot of good stuff in this area. IACCM ave challenged the thinking of people and asked why in times of performance, do we go straight to the penalty clauses after courting a supplier through the RFx process. I see many organisations, my own included, using the Significant Services Contract Framework put out by MBIE in New Zealand to make these relationships stronger. For instance, for every such contract, our CE meets with their CE annually which is evidence that perhaps it's not all lost. But I think many negotiators and those in procurement often have budgetary constraints or drivers set by the business. That is, either they can't invest time and money doing this, or their focus set by their leaders is more focussed on cost reduction as a measure of success.
Hopefully others in the Western world reading this will step up and agree or contribute, or perhaps those from the Asian culture might want to post and share their views and experiences as well.
erdemir engineering management and co...
• Parker Hannifin Corporation, Aerospace Group
I would say yes. This 'Act of God' is causing many companies to shut-down temporarily.
• GKN Aerospace
Yes - in most cases it will be ( unless of course the contract excludes medical issues or similar)
• Norfolk County Council
Might be worth considering what your response was to previous pandemic flu etc and treating similarly
yes, I considered a supervening fact, would be impossible to predict the existence and its effects when signing a Contract...
for me it depends, if the party is from Wuhan, China where the local authorities have declared shutdown or curfew then it may be considered. however if the party is from somewhere not directly impacted with the virus then No. They need to show evidences of the impact which is hindering their obligation to perform the work.
• Pacific Gas and Electric Company
I would describe COVID-19 as an unforeseeable event. It would depend on the nature of a unique good or service to determine if a force majeure clause would apply.
All depends on how your Force Majeure paragraph is drafted. Is your company qualified as "essential?" That could also come into play as well.
Hello Lamija, I have encountered this situation numerous times (in an industry other than the one I am in currently). My approach to this, usually with success, was to define a clause wherein the distributor is given a very clear revenue/sales goal for a defined period of time (say, 6 months to one year) during which we would not grant exclusivity, nor would we actively seek another distributor. If the distributor met the clearly defined objectives, we would then negotiate an exclusive arrangement. Many factors contribute to this scenario, however, such as the relative size of the market, the number (or lack) of distributors in the sector, the risk associated with "betting" on a single player, cultural social/considerations, etc.
In short, exclusivity based on proven performance. I hope that proves helpful.