How do you increase the price of the contract, assuming the change order varies the price? Suggest it's via a contract amendment. But, however you do it make sure it's legally enforceable!
from the similar situations, we have used change orders, what matters is here what is the object of change - increase in assigned resources, increase in delivery method,increase in delivery schedule, increase in scope of work. When the impact is on Resource/related service and requirements - we use change forms to update/prolong the current Statement of work. For me by nature Project Managers - they have the same work to follow-up on a Project timeline, budget, Scope - so to be assigned to a new project, it still for me sounds like to stay in the same role, only managing another project (with another timeline, resources, budget constrains).
Jack - a vehicle purchase will usually fall under either a category strategy and/or procurement process, leaving the decision to strategy and process rather than preference. If you are purchasing one vehicle, that acquisition might bring the transaction under the threshold of strategy/process guidelines, but that is rare. Please consider the total cost of ownership (TCO) of the acquisition, rather than simply the purchase price, as vehicles represent significant opportunities for overall cost savings.
• Forsythe and Long Engineering, Inc.
Usually evaluations are broken into two separate categories which are technical and commercial. There are usually team members that are specialized in certain areas that will review the Proposal for different requirements. (ie. the contract specialist may review the commercial portion of the proposal such as pricing and breakdowns. The Engineering team may review the technical side to ensure the Contractor has quoted all items within spec and has also included all items.) Are your RFP's for Lump Sum, T&M or Unit prices?
It is hard to share a general answer for this topic. It depends very much of the type of work, country and sector the customer is operating in. In the Netherlands "Best Value Procurement" is growing at Public companies. In many books are the techniques and processes described. For software development the understanding of function point analysis might help to understand the scoring of building software. And further are most evaluation processes described in the RFP.
I agree with your two respondents. My experience, and we consider this to be a best practice, is to do the technical evaluation first, separate from the commercial. This allows an unbiased review without people thinking about price or the price of their favorite vendor. Technical normally involves components like: HSE/Safety, technical capability, capacity, experience, past performance/recommendations, plant load, and possibly the personnel and their individual experience offered up to the project.
If you use the technical to create a weighting then the commercial evaluation can be weighted by the technical to determine the winner. This means a less technically efficient company would need to have a substantially better price than a more technically efficient one.
Examples of this kind of weighting I believe are listed in the IACCM's large Contracts reference manual.
• Forsythe and Long Engineering, Inc.
I also agree with the responses that have been provided in lieu of my initial response. I think it is a good practice to conduct the technical evaluation before the commercial. However, some of the technical evaluation can be conducted during the prequalification process. This may include capacity, safety, insurance, personnel, etc. If the contractor passes this stage and submits a proposal then the award may only be subject to technical requirements such as submitted equipment manufacturers, product types, and very project specific requirements. The commercial evaluation will remain the same.
Hi Peter - I think this is a useful survey to capture the views of people. From across the other side of the world, the two that resonate significantly with me are very similar to this list, with I think defining value right near the top.
I think the easiest thing for people to measure their success used to be cost reduction. But I think that mindset is a long way from the current movement of being strategic, and running perhaps even against the push towards social or environmental outcomes.
Without an easy measure, from my perspective, the best way to measure success is the feedback from your end users which includes suppliers. Did they understand the process, did it work for them, and post contracting, are they happy ? Sure, it gives people less ability to compare across organisations, but I think it's that competition, rather than co-operation, that sometimes stops us from achieving better outcomes.
• Simoons & Company
From a customer-supplier perspective I agree with your observation that cost reduction has most often been the measure of success. However cost reduction on that side often leads to rising hidden costs elsewhere in the organization. In strategic partnerships we not only look at value, but also at the full relationship to measure success. To do so we interview, and/or survey, stakeholders at both sides.
Most important element of measuring success however, is not the measurement itself, but the action plan connected to it to improve the elements that lag behind.
God day Sedef - well, again, I hate to see a good question like this sitting there all along unanswered, so here goes my contribution.
Firstly, if you get to create your own KPI's, I think that this is an awesome opportunity for you. It's a great opportunity for you to pick some criteria on which to have your performance judged by.
I think it's an opportunity though for you to think about whether or not you want these KPI's to relate to your performance alone, or contribute to or align directly with organisational performance. This could be a factor of where you feel you are as a team with procurement maturity, as well as your ability to influence the organisation's plans. Let me explain by way of example.
Four years ago, for our team, it was all about how quickly we could turn around tenders, time to contract, and the number of complaints (which thankfully were none) about the conduct of our tenders. So for us then, the KPI's were team focussed and didn't really track well into organisational plans.
Fast forward to the present day, the team has pushed back into the business to be engaging with them at a much earlier stage. The KPI's we are moving to are around developing category plans with the business and presenting them to the senior leadership team, monitoring and reporting on the significant contracts in their portfolio and working with the teams on meaningful social procurement outcomes that are relevant to their categories. As you can see, these are less about the team, and track really well into where we want to be as an organisation.
Oh, and like all KPI's, it perhaps goes without saying, but make sure that they're SMART (Specific, Measurable, Attainable, Relevant, and Time-Bound) or SMARTER (adding Explainable and Relative to the mix).
So Sedef, my advice would be to jump the opportunity to set your KPI's, and make them relevant to where you are and where you want to be. I think you are the best person to work that out, rather than me just telling you what you need based upon your one paragraph question.
Have fun with making them - and it would be great learning for others within the forum for you to tell everyone what you ended up with !
• Ngamuru Advisory
Following on from Darren's excellent points, I wanted to find out how you went? Did you find the missing one? I started my Performance Based Contracting (PBC) journey in 2004 designing, implementing and managing performance measures (not just KPIs!). Over this time I have seen many, many performance measure that can be used depending on what you are trying to achieve. Indeed, over the years we have actually formed the opinion that there are more than simply KPIs, since most humans can only handle 3 - 5. Therefore, having dashboards of 20 it too much information. So while there are a number of websites that can give you a variety of performance measures, can I suggest you have a look at why you want to measure; what is the outcome you are trying to achieve? Is it the standard project ones (scope, schedule and cost), or are there other things such as the health of the relationship, the culture of safety, etc. And if you think you can't measure the last ones, you can! Just takes a bit more work to set-up. So best to work that out first.
To help, as an IACCM Fellow I write on blog where I write about this (www.performancebasedcontracting.com), which sometimes become articles for IACCM (part of the role of an IACCM Fellow). Therefore, I'd suggest you have a look here and see if this helps. There is probably a lot of content (all free!), but hopefully it helps.
Anyway, I hope this helps you on your journey. And don't be afraid to ask for help!
Thanks, Phyllis, I am glad that you found the webinar helpful; it was certainly a great session to moderate, with some really good questions at the end. I agree - we often don't pay enough attention to the learning style and the impact that has on how information is absorbed. Paul Branch
Personally, I would say the 10 are still applicable today (Jan 2020). I also think the point about how fast the world is moving - particularly technology wise - is true and it has only sped up even more in the past 5 years.